Wednesday News: Creativity, graphic novels, Bollywood, and the Mona Lisa
The Creativity Bias against Women – A paper written by three researchers at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business shows that in certain work environments, men are perceived to be more creative than women, especially in fields that are more dominated by or associated with male characteristics (e.g. Architecture showed the bias but not Fashion Design). The findings may have important implications for the way women are treated in the workplace:
Clearly, the impact of gender on perceived creativity has potential implications for how women are seen in the workplace. Proudfoot et al. ran a different study that looked at data collected about one-hundred and thirty-four senior-level executives enrolled in an MBA program. As part of the curriculum, each executive was anonymously evaluated by their supervisors and direct reports on several dimensions, including perceived innovativeness. Looking at the evaluations in terms of gender revealed that the female executives were judged by their supervisors as less innovative in their thinking compared to the male executives. There were no differences in the ratings of innovativeness by direct reports. Past research has shown that people in high-power positions are more likely to rely on stereotypes when judging others compared to those in low-power positions. Therefore, it makes sense that supervisors, and not direct reports, showed the bias. If the results from this study can be generalized to other settings, then women may be at an unfair disadvantage in workplaces where people at the top place a high degree of emphasis on creative and innovative thinking. – Scientific American
Dark Horse Comics Announces the First Graphic Novel from Booker Award–Winning Novelist Margaret Atwood – My first reaction to this incredibly cool news was surprise, but as I read the release note, it made such perfect sense. Couldn’t you see The Handmaid’s Tale as a comic book?
Dark Horse Comics announced today the publication of Angel Catbird, the first graphic novel by Margaret Atwood, the Booker Award–winning author of The Blind Assassin, The Handmaid’s Tale, and The Heart Goes Last. Angel Catbird is a unique and ambitious collaboration between Atwood and artist Johnnie Christmas (Sheltered) that tells the story of an unusual superhero over the course of three all-ages graphic novels, the first of which will be published by Dark Horse Comics in the fall of 2016. The project is being published in tandem with Keep Cats Safe and Save Bird Lives, an initiative led by Nature Canada, the oldest conservation charity in the country. . . .
“Margaret Atwood has created a bold and unforgettable new character, paying homage to both classic pulp heroes and traditional comic book origin stories,” said Mike Richardson, Dark Horse’s publisher and president. “We’re proud to bring Margaret’s Angel Catbird here to Dark Horse, since it is exactly the kind of creator-owned graphic novel we are committed to publishing.” – Dark Horse Comics
How India’s Jewish Community Transformed Early Bollywood – Has anyone written this Romance novel yet? A fascinating article about the role of Jewish Indians in the development of Indian films, in particular silent movies, where their inability to speak Hindi would not be an impediment. Jewish women were also at liberty to work in show business without the same religious and cultural limitations as their Muslim counterparts. There was also no lack of money or professional power for these actresses, some of whom even ran their own production companies:
“Baghdadis & the Bene Israel in Bollywood and Beyond,” which is on display at the Center for Jewish History through April 1, 2016, explores the role of two of India’s oldest Jewish communities and their influence on show business at the time: the Baghdadis are the descendants of merchants who moved to India from Baghdad in the 18th and 19th centuries; the Bene Israel (which translates to “Sons of Israel”) came to India several hundred years before that and were once the largest Jewish community in India.
Indian Jews “had such an explosion in the arts,” Stevens said. “You can see how Jewish artists helped create the post-independence narrative [after India gained independence from Britain in 1947]. They tried to become part of the new India.” – NBC News
Hidden Portrait Found Under ‘Mona Lisa’ Painting – Using a multi-lens camera, Pascal Cotte, a scientist, analyzed the Mona Lisa and discovered an image underneath the visible painting, one that casts doubt on the long-held belief about Mona Lisa’s real-life identity. A BBC documentary will examine Cotte’s work, although his theory has not convinced all art historians, including Oxford’s Martin Kemp. According to Cotte:
The sitter in the image appears to be looking to the side rather than directly at the viewer, and the sitter does not seem to have the enigmatic smile that’s intrigued “Mona Lisa” viewers for over 500 years.
Cotte told the BBC that he believes his findings challenge the widely accepted theory that the “Mona Lisa” is a painting of real-life 16th century Italian woman Lisa Gheradini, who was the wife of a Florentine silk merchant. – ABC News