The Harvard faculty will be deciding next week whether to start publishing their scholarship free online. It would only pertain to their arts and sciences faculty. In the current system scholarship is published in journals which subscriptions can be very costly. The journals also are read by a very small population. Each author though could decide whether they want to have the university publish their scholarship online.
Most of the professional journals are against it because they believe fewer subscriptions will result and that it will damage the integrity of research. And for those that are for it argue that it was a costly, privileged system that needed to be available to anyone that wanted to learn.